Basic Security Training




A Security Guard

  • A type of public safety officer who surveys assigned areas / properties surveys assigned areas / properties for illegal activities, suspicious behavior, or dangerous situations.
  • Work in many venues
  • No particular education requirements, high school diploma or equivalent - usually required.
  • Training varies with the employer, but most guards undergo a period of instruction after hiring.


What is Security

  • Security is a system used for prevention and protection of people, property and information.
  • The most effective tool for Security Guard is his/her eyes.



  • To stop the criminal activities in the local level
  • To solve fighting in the local level
  • To control theft, robbery etc


Specific Objectives

  • Discipline
  • Co-operation
  • Understanding
  • Helpful
  • Understand detail and task




After joining the company, Security Guards will be issued with following documents:

  • Company Number
  • Company Identity card
  • Security Personal Permit


Terms and Conditions

  • Wages
  • Hours of Work*
  • Over Time Pay
  • Allowances
  • Annual Bonus
  • Annual Leave
  • Employees Compensation
  • Accommodation
  • Contractual Agreement
  • Insurance Cover
    - Life
    - Medical


Hours of Work

  • Daily - 8 Hrs
  • Weekly - 6 Days
  • Monthly - 26 Days


General Administration

  • Uniform exchange procedure
  • Leave application
  • Unpaid Leave
  • Welfare
  • Compensation Leave
  • Immigration Leave
  • Personal particular data
  • Salary Tax


Company Regulation Relevant to Duty

  • Do not report late on duty
  • Do not sleep on duty
  • Do not misbehave on duty
  • Do not read news paper/magazine on duty
  • Do not smoke/chew gum on duty
  • Do not misuse telephone/computer on duty
  • Do not gamble on duty
  • Do not use unnecessary thing on duty
  • Uniform should be properly worn
    - Shoes/Boots
    - Trouser Belt
    - Tie
    - Lanyard with whistle
    - Rain Shoot/Jacket


Points to remember when wearing a uniform

  • Do not wear your uniform when not in duty
  • Uniform must be kept clean and tidy
  • All the security personnel must be dressed in same uniform
  • Always wear uniform and carry equipment as issued by the company


Sources of help

  • Internal
  • External


Types of equipments

  • Radio
  • Baton
  • Torch
  • Telephone
  • Whistle


Health and Safety

  • Health and Safety at work
  • Protection
  • Procedure to improve Health and Safety


General Responsibilities

  • Identify Customers
  • Familiarize with Fire Drill
  • Read and Obey Instructions
Safety Equipments


Accident/Incident Report

  • Name, Company, Department and details of supervisor of each casualty with description of visible injuries
  • Name of witness
  • Brief description of accident/incident from witness

Inform The Control Room



  • Human communication is a two way activity. There is a Sender and a Receiver.
  • Communicating Face to Face
  • Long distance communication
  • Written




What is Patrolling?

  • The action of going through or around a town, neighbourhood, etc, at regular intervals for purposes of security or observation
  • Patrolling is a tour around any specific area which is being guarded for the prevention and detection of an kind of problems.




What is Access Control?

  • It is controlling over
    - People
    - Vehicle
    - Materials
    - Information

Into and out from the Guarded Area.


Access Report is prepared on the basis of:

  • What
  • When
  • Why
  • Who
  • Where
  • How (5 W & H)


  • Verbal
  • Written


Action taken in case of intruder/Break-in

  • Blow the whistle/siren and shout Ito let the others know
  • Lock the gate
  • Inform post supervisor/senior guard or shift commander immediately
  • If Possible try to apprehend the intruder
  • If intruder is arrested then keep him/them under control using minimum force
  • Inform Police
  • Handover the intruder to the police in the presence of the client
  • Prepare the incident report accordingly


Duties of a Residence Guard

  • Safety and security of People, Property and information.
  • Must always arrive 15 mins prior to Duty Time
  • Shall never leave your post before the end of your shift , even if though in coming guard arrives earlier
  • Proper hand over of duty must be done between in coming and out going guard
  • Record must be maintained on log book of all the had over of duties
  • If any problem arises the the guard must request assistance from control room or mobile patrol
  • Perimeter patrol must be conducted according to set plan and must be recorded in log book
  • Shall “Never” enter the residence until and unless invited by the owner or his staffs
  • Should never approach the window or door of the residence without any reasons
  • Be polite and courteous all the time
  • Must always come in proper Uniform on duty
  • If force is likely to be used to deny any unauthorized person the immediately request for help/assistance from the mobile patrol Unit/Quick Reaction Patrol
  • Always stay alert on duty and if any criminal or terrorist activities is observed/detected the immediately inform the ROS (Resident Operating System) through mobile patrol supervisor or shift commander
  • Post log entry must be made and in case of incident write an incident report
  • Help the driver by controlling the traffic at entry/exit point


Responsibilities of a Supervisor

  • Supervisor is the in charge of safety and security of the facility
  • Supervises the guard in their work
  • Controls Emergency situation and Informs Shift Commander immediately
  • Musters parade of Guards
  • Checks the alertness of guards on duty
  • Patrols to all the posts inside the premises
  • Checks if all equipment in posts are sufficient and are in working condition
  • Give situation report regularly to Shift commander Ensure that the Guarding Operations is effective
  • Teach and train the guard on and off duty
  • Prepare incident report


Action on Fire

  • Shout FIRE FIRE and also blow Whistle
  • Immediately pull the nearest fire alarm pull station as you exit the building.
  • Inform Post Supervisor , Senior Supervisor or Shift Commander immediately
  • Switch Off the Main Electrical Circuit Breaker
  • Try to extinguish the fire by using the Fire Extinguisher*
  • Assemble all the staffs at the Assembly Area
  • If there is smoke in the air, stay low to the ground, especially your head, to reduce inhalation exposure. Keep on hand on the wall
  • When evacuating the building, be sure to feel doors for heat before opening them to be sure there is no fire danger on the other side
  • Inform neighbors and seek help if necessary
  • Call the Fire Brigade and Police
  • Evacuate the prioritize item if it is “SAFE” to do so
  • Do not let unauthorized people to enter
  • Prepare fire incident report



  • Required to ignite a fire, and will continue to be generated as the fire burns.
    - For intentional fires, this could be as simple as the striking of a match.
    - For accidental fires however, ignition can occur as a result of obstructing ventilation on machinery that heats up, or flammable materials being too close to heaters.



  • Anything that is combustible, such as wood, petroleum and spirits, and a number of gases.
    - Solid fuels must reach a critical temperature in order to ignite,
    - Liquids release flammable vapors even when cold.
    - Gases are the most hazardous and temperamental state, and can combust instantaneously.



  • 16% of air feeding needed to react with Heat+Fuel
  • Low/normal altitude over 20%


Effective Fire Extinction

  • 3parts of “Fire Triangle” to be kept in mind
  • The principles of fire extinction state that a fire will be put out if one of the three elements are removed



  • Cooling
  • Starving
  • Smothering



  • Removing the heat is one of the most effective methods of fire extinction available
  • Water is a popular extinguishing material. The fire will go out so long as the heat generated by the fire is less than that which is absorbed by the water



  • Starving the blaze of its fuel source approaches extinction from a different angle
  • A raging fire will burn itself out if it runs out of flammable materials



  • Smothering is a technique that is mostly applicable to solid fuel fires, although some materials may contain enough oxygen within their own chemical makeup to keep the blaze burning
  • Removing oxygen from the equation is the final way of extinguishing a fire.
    - Smothering a frying pan blaze with a fire blanket reduces the oxygen to below the 16% required to react
    - Covering a candle with a glass will snuff it out in a vacuum.



  • Fire is the chemical reaction of Heat, Fuel & Oxygen.


Category of Fire

  • Class A: Ordinary component ; Paper, wood, plastic etc.
  • Class B: Flammable Liquid ; Kerosene, Petrol, Engine oil, Mobile, Enamel paints etc.
  • Class C: Flammable gases ; LPG gas etc.
  • Class D: Metal Fire ; Zink, Magnesia
  • Class E: Electrical Fire ; Short Circuit
Fire Extinguisher


Operating Fire Extinguisher


Pass Method


P: Pull out safety pin

A: Aim the nozzle at the base of the fire not at the flame

S: Squeeze the handle slowly to discharge the agent

S: Sweep side to side approximately 6”/15 cm from the fire until expended. Keep a safe distance from the fire.